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D.O.Ca. Rioja

The leading Denominación de Origen Calificada for wine in Spain is divided into three subzones which are perfectly delimited by their different geographical features and climates: Rioja Alta, Rioja Alavesa and Rioja Baja. The first accounts for nearly half of all production and is ideally suited to full-bodied wines with a high acidity that benefit from barrel ageing. Rioja Baja, which accounts for 30% of Rioja wines, produces reds and rosés that tend to be the heaviest and have the highest alcohol content of the whole D.O. On the contrary, Rioja Alavesa, which makes 20% of the region’s wines, produces some of its finest aged wines and the traditional reds that undergo carbonic maceration.

Climate and Soil

Climate of Rioja:

The climate varies totally from one subzone to another. For example, whereas Rioja Alta (26,786 hectares) receives Atlantic influence, Rioja Alavesa (12,934 hectares) has a combination of Atlantic and Mediterranean influence and Rioja Baja (23,873 hectares) enjoys a fully Mediterranean climate. The confluence of both climates results in mild temperatures and an annual rainfall level of just over 400 litres per square metre.

Rioja soils:

Alluvial and ferrous-clay throughout most of the region and calcareous-clay in Rioja Alavesa and some parts of Rioja Alta.

Interesting Information

Vineyard hectares: 63.592 hectares

Annual production: 272.000.000 litres

Number of viticultors: 18.258

Number of wineries: 1.203

Domestic sales: 68,2%

Export sales: 31,8%

Regulation and Location

Regulatory council of the: CONSEJO REGULADOR DE LA DENOMINACIÓN DE ORIGEN CALIFICADA RIOJA Estambrera, 52. 26006 Logroño. Teléfono 941 500 400. Fax 941 500 672.

Location: La Rioja

Country: Spain

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